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Thoothukudi district villages

Thoothukudi District is one of the 38 districts of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. The district was formed by bifurcation of Tirunelveli district on 20 October Thoothukudi is the capital and the main town of the district.

The district is known for pearl cultivation, with an abundance of pearls being found in the seas offshore. It was formerly ruled by one of the oldest kingdoms in India, the Pandyan Dynasty with the port of Korkai through which trade with Rome happened. Thoothukudi district is situated in the south-eastern corner of Tamil Nadu. It is bounded by the districts of Tenkasi and Virudhunagar on the north, Ramanathapuram on the east, Tirunelveli on the west and Gulf of Mannar on the east and southeast.

According to censusThoothukudi district had a population of 1, with a sex-ratio of 1, females for every 1, males, much above the national average of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for The average literacy of the district was There were a total ofworkers, comprising 44, cultivators,main agricultural labourers, 17, in house hold industries,other workers, 90, marginal workers, 3, marginal cultivators, 39, marginal agricultural labourers, 4, marginal workers in household industries and 42, other marginal workers.

There are no large reservoirs in this district so the Papanasam and Manimuthar dams located in the Tirunelveli district in the Thamirabarani River's flow are the main sources of irrigation.

Other than the Thamirabarani Riverthe river Vaipar in Vilathikulam talukthe river Karumeni which traverses through Sathankulamand Tiruchendur taluks, Palayakayal are all sources. Thoothukudi District is divided into three revenue divisions and ten talukas. The district is divided into twelve revenue blocks for rural and urban development. The district has one municipal corporationThoothukudi, two municipalities, Kayalpattinam and Kovilpatti, nineteen town panchayats[8] and panchayat villages. Chidambaranar Port Trust contributes majorly to the economy of the district besides providing employment.

Many coal based power plants are at various stages of commissioning. Kovilpatti consists of many small sized industry especially match stick industries. Paddy is the most cultivated crop in most of the villages like Uzhakkudi, Vallanadu, Aarumugamangalam, Palayakayal, TiruvaikuntamSattankulam and Tiruchendur taluks. CumbuCholamKuthiraivali and other pulses are raised in the dry tracts of KovilpattiVilathikulam, Nagalapuram Ottapidaramand Thoothukudi taluks.

Cotton is cultivated in Kovilpatti, Ottapidaram and Thoothukudi Taluks. Groundnut cultivation is undertaken in Kovilpatti, Tiruchendur, and Sattankulam taluks. Groundnut cake is being used as manure and cattle feed.

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Nagalapuram makes its economy to be solely dependent agriculture. Sugarcane and Plantain Banana are cultivated on a large scale along the stretch of Uzhakkudi. Banana and Beetel cultivation is more prominent in villages like Aarumugamanagalam and Yeral. Summers are made use to cultivate cotton on a smaller scale.

Main business of this area is dry chilly, cholam, cumbu wood charcoal, etc. Jaggery is produced from palmyrah juice; the production of jaggery is the main occupation of the people of Tiruchendur and Sattankulam taluks.

Banana and other vegetables are raised in Srivaikundam and Tiruchendur taluks. The district constitutes 70 per cent of the total salt production of Tamil Nadu and 30 per cent of that of India. Tamil Nadu is the second largest producer of Salt in India next to Gujarat.

Residential Land for Sale at Sankaraperi, Thoothukudi.

Government buses connect the district with other parts of state. Thoothukudi and Vanchi Maniyachchi are the major stations of Indian Railways.The district was formed by dividing Tirunelveli district in and Thoothukudi is the district headquarters. The district is known for pearl cultivation, with an abundance of pearls being found in the seas offshore.

It was formerly ruled by one of the oldest kingdoms in India, the Pandyan Dynasty with the port of Korkai through which trade with Rome happened. As ofthe district had a population of 1, with a sex-ratio of 1, females for every 1, males. Thoothukudi district is situated in the south-eastern corner of Tamil Nadu. It is bounded on the north by the districts of TirunelveliVirudhunagarand Ramanathapuramon the east and southeast by the Gulf of Mannar and on the west and southwest by Tirunelveli district.

The district of Thoothukudi was carved out as a separate district on 20 October as a result of bifurcation of the Tirunelveli district. There are no large reservoirs in this district so the Papanasam and Manimuthar dams located in the Tirunelveli district in the Thamirabarani River's flow are the main sources of irrigation.

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Other than the Thamirabarani Riverthe river Vaipar in Vilathikulam talukthe river Karumeni which traverses through Sathankulamand Tiruchendur taluks, Palayakayal are all sources. Thoothukudi District is divided into three revenue divisions and eight talukas. The district is divided into twelve revenue blocks for rural and urban development.

The district has one municipal corporationThoothukudi, two municipalities, Kayalpattinam and Kovilpatti, nineteen town panchayats[6] and panchayat villages. There is one parliamentary constituency for the district, Thoothukudi Constituencyand six assembly constituencies: [5]. According to censusThoothukudi district had a population of 1, with a sex-ratio of 1, females for every 1, males, much above the national average of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for The average literacy of the district was There were a total ofworkers, comprising 44, cultivators,main agricultural labourers, 17, in house hold industries,other workers, 90, marginal workers, 3, marginal cultivators, 39, marginal agricultural labourers, 4, marginal workers in household industries and 42, other marginal workers.

Tuticorin port contributes majorly to the economy of the district besides providing employment.

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Many coal based power plants are at various stages of commissioning. Kovilpatti consists of many small sized industry especially match stick industries. Paddy is cultivated in the Palayakayal SrivaikundamSattankulam and Tiruchendur taluks.

CumbuCholamKuthiraivali and other pulses are raised in the dry tracts of KovilpattiVilathikulam,Nagalapuram Ottapidaramand Thoothukudi taluks. Cotton is cultivated in Kovilpatti, Ottapidaram and Thoothukudi Taluks. Groundnut cultivation is undertaken in Kovilpatti, Tiruchendur, and Sattankulam taluks.Everyone else left, driven by an acute water crisis. He looks like he just stepped out of a Dickensian novel. Sitting on his porch amidst a row of abandoned houses, year-old S.

Kandasamy shares his autumn years with the silent village where he was born and in which he grew up. His solitary existence in this desolate village holds a story of love and loss, hope and despair. All the other residents of Meenakshipuram abandoned it, unable to cope with its crippling water scarcity. Five years ago, when his second son got married and left, Kandasamy became the lone resident of this village in Srivaikuntam taluk of Thoothukudi in Tamil Nadu. Within that water-starved district, Meenakshipuram was one of its worst scarcity points.

Around 10 have shifted to Sekkarakkudi village. But it seems to cope better and even appears peculiarly vibrant. It is as full of activity as Meenakshipuram is silent.

A tea shop owner was particularly baffled. Left: Kandasamy sitting on his porch, perhaps recalling times past.

thoothukudi district villages

Right: His crumbling house and the two-wheeler he uses to go for his modest purchases. However, over the years, water was being siphoned off to industries.

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Prabhu, an environmental activist in Thoothukudi town. According to the Census, the village had around 1, inhabitants. He once owned five acres of land on which he grew kambu pearl millet or bajra and cotton. But slowly, it got worse. The water ran out. People were left with no option but to move out if they had to survive. He is doing better than he did in his old village. With meagre earnings, how could I spend on anything for my family?

Meenakshipuram's abandoned houses are falling apart; everyone left, unable to cope with its crippling water scarcity. It means something to many other former residents, though. There are two temples that remain the only bond between the village and those who left it.

Which, ironically, means the Srinivasa Perumal Temple that offers achievement in, or accomplishment of, an undertaking. It would be a miracle if they do so permanently. So far, the gods have not obliged. But people do sometimes return — to attend the festival of the Shaivite temple, the Parasakthi Mariamman Koil that is maintained by his family. Just a few days ago this month, some 65 people came to Meenakshipuram to take part in its annual festival.The villagers are unanimously demanding to conduct the local body elections for the Thoothukudi district after annexing the villages with the Kovilpatti Union.

Photo Express. Half-a-century-long demand The firka, located at a kilometre distance from Kovilpatti, comprises 12 village panchayats -- Pitchaithalaivanpatti, Appaneri, Vadakkupatti, Nakkalamuthanpatti, Pillyarnatham, Ayyaneri, Jameen Devarkulam, Chitrampatti, Puliyankulam, Ilayarasanendal, Lakshmiammalpuram and Mukkuttumalai.

Citing the proximity to the Kovilpatti, the villagers have been demanding to annex the villages for around 50 years. The firka is 20 kilometres away from the Kuruvikulam Union and has poor bus transportation facility to the union.

thoothukudi district villages

At present, the departments of revenue, police, health allopathy and anganwadi scheme are annexed with the Thoothukudi district, however, departments including education primary and middle schoolcivil panchayat, PWD, TWAD, EB, noon-meal scheme, health siddha are associated with the Tenkasi district. Eleven of the 12 village panchayats are co-terminous with the revenue and panchayat administrations. Got tangled up An official data reveals that a resolution to merge the villages of Ilayarasanendhal firka with the Kovilpatti taluk was passed by the then Tirunelveli-Kattabomman district development board on December 4,a copy of which the TNIE possess.

Inthe villagers passed another resolution in this regard, which was revealed by an RTI, dated September 9,obtained by one ex-army man Jeyaprakash Narayanan of Jameen Devarkulam village.

The State government had passed an order, dated April 15,to merge the villages with the Kovilpatti taluk. Fifteen days later, when the order came into effect, the firka was merged with the taluk, however, the panchayat administration remained under the Kuruvikulam Union of the then composite Tirunelveli district. Narayanan said that the then Block Developmental Officer BDO of Kuruvikulam, in Januaryobtained resolutions from the panchayat presidents over a single night to annex the villages with Tiruvengadam Taluk.

Despite the attempts of the BDO, the villages were not included to the Tiruvengadam Taluk, when it was formed inhe said. He also alleged that some of the officials and politicians had attempted to retain the village with the Tirunelveli district against the wish of the villagers.

In May 19,a public hearing was conducted, concluding that the majority of the people were in favour of the merger with the Kovilpatti taluk. Contradicting the public opinion, the Additional Chief Secretary on September 1,had issued a status quo order, retaining all the 12 panchayat unions with the Kuruvikulam union. The recent bifurcation of the Tirunelveli district had again tangled up the issue at hand. Despite the revenue villages being under the Kovilpatti taluk in Thoothukudi district, the villagers would have to exercise their franchise for the Tenkasi district, if the local body elections were to be conducted in this scenario.

Villagers accuse local body of corruption Jeyaprakash told TNIE that the situation worsened post bifurcation, as the Tenkasi district headquarters is 85 kilometres away from Ilayarasanendhal. The villagers have to take two buses to reach the headquarters to submit their grievances, he added. Citing the distance as the reason, Desiya Vivasayigal Sangam President Renganayagalu said that the people were not receiving the welfare schemes of the government and their grievances were not being addressed.

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A former ward member of Appaneri, speaking on condition of anonymity, claimed that the region remains underdeveloped as it was associated with the Kuruvikulam union, which never allocates adequate funds for the welfare benefits, including road relaying projects. Villagers of Appaneri and Ayyaneri said that their area was likely to be appended to the Kovilpatti municipality during its expansion because of its proximity with the municipal area.

Ettayapuram Taluka - Thoothukkudi

The villagers of the firka urged the State government that the local body election for Thoothukudi district be cancelled alongside Tenkasi district until the delimitation, reservation and rotation process associated with the firka issue was resolved. As per the census data, the population of Ilayarasanendhal was 19, and has 12 village panchayats in it. It will also increase the number of panchayat union wards in Kovilpatti from 19 to If merged, Thoothukudi district panchayat wards will increase from 18 to Meanwhile, annexing the villages will not alter the number of district panchayat wards of Tirunelveli district.

Oct 20, Thoothukudi district is carved out of the then composite Tirunelveli district. Dec 4, Tirunelveli-Kattabomman district development board passes resolution to merge the 12 villages with Kovilpatti taluk of Thoothukudi Aug 21, A writ petition was filed at the Madurai Bench of the Madras High Court in this regard All the 12 villages pass resolutions in favour of the merger. Apr 15, State government passes the order to annex the villages with the Kovilpatti taluk.

District Profile

Feb 2, Thoothukudi and Tirunelveli district collectors submit a joint proposal for the merger A case praying to annex all the departments of Ilayarasanendhal firka with Kovilpatti is filed. June 26, Thoothukudi collector submits a written statement to court that the 12 villages have been merged with the district and all the control of the villages fall under Kovilpatti taluk. Jan Kuruvikulam BDO obtains resolution from panchayat presidents seeking to merge the villages with Tiruvengadam Taluk.Several residents in district's Sathankulam block have shifted to nearby cities.

The story was first published on March 5, Locked houses, abandoned farms, barren coconut trees and deserted markets — Padukkapathu village in Tamil Nadu's Thoothukudi district wore a bleak look. As of Marchonly people lived there. Padukkapathu village has a population of Many started their own business. Saline water ingression is a process through which salt water invades areas containing fresh water. Groundwater becomes saline, thereby affecting crops. Troubles began inaccording to GP President Sarvanan.

Pumping groundwater led to a drop in its level. Decreased rainfall over the years reduced water pressure, allowing salt water to intrude into fresh water. Empty houses at Padukkapathu village in Thoothukudi district.

Photo: Shagun Kapil. Villagers recalled the time when the market bustled with small eating joints catering to those who came to work there. Only 10 of the 30 houses on his street are occupied. The district collectorate is 70 km from the village and the block office about 18 km away. With this, exploitation of groundwater also intensified. Earlier, there were only palm trees. He added that groundwater was semi-saline even before agricultural activities started. As groundwater exploitation intensified, less water pressure allowed sea water to ingress at a much faster pace.

Long ago, the state government had promised to release water from Manimuthar dam, 80 km from the block. However, because the area was never recognised as agrarian, the water was not released efficiently, Raj said.

This was not it. This also contributed to groundwater depletion. Sathankulam was among the worst hit.An intensive campaign by the anti-Sterlite activists from across the state for the past one week was carried out in all the 20 panchayats in Thoothukudi union insisting that people unanimously pass anti-Sterlite resolutions.

In this backdrop, resolutions seeking the permanent closure of Sterlite were passed in two village panchayats -Therkkuveerapandiyapuram and Mapillaiyoorani in the Thoothukudi union that has a total of 20 village panchayats. Two village panchayats outside Thoothukudi union-Poovani and Vellur too had resolved against the copper smelting plant in the district.

The anti-Sterlite resolution moved by some of the villagers in the other 18 village panchayats in Thoothukudi union was dropped due to lack of required number to support the resolution. Responding to media on the passage of the resolutions seeking permanent closure of the copper smelting plant in four village panchayats-two in Thoothukudi union and two outside, the district collector N Venkatesh said that he had not officially received any information about the passage of such resolutions.

A highly placed official said the resolutions passed against the company in the four panchayats did not have the signature of the respective panchayat secretaries to make it official and legal. We have updated our Privacy and Cookie Policy. If you continue to use our site, you agree to the updated Policies.

Nation Current Affairs 02 May Four panchayats pass NationCurrent Affairs. Updated May 2,am IST. Photo: DC. Location: IndiaTamil NaduThoothukudi.

Ettayapuram Taluka - Thoothukkudi

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NPS subscribers can partially withdraw money for covid treatment: Govt. PMO reviews efforts to tackle virus outbreak in the country. Ramping up testing in UP can be lifesaver: Priyanka to Yogi.Here is a quick recap of all you need to know about the Sterlite copper smelting plant and the ongoing protests against it in Thoothukudi.

On the th day of the Sterlite Protest, thousands marched towards the Thoothukudi district collectorate, despite the imposition of section EPS Karthik Alagu. At least ten people died and over 50 were injured on Tuesday as police opened fire on thousands protesting against the Sterlite copper smelting plant in Thoothukudi district of Tamil Nadu.

The Sterlite protests, which entered its th day took an ugly turn when protestors marched to the Thoothukudi district collectorate, despite the imposition of section Here is a quick recap of all you need to know about the Sterlite copper smelting plant and the protests:.

Why are thousands protesting against the Sterlite copper smelting plant in Thoothukudi? Two major reasons why the locals are demanding for the closure of the Sterlite plant are pollution and rise in health problems among people residing in villages close to the plant. The document also talks about rusty-red water flowing from taps owing to the suspected increase in the iron content in groundwater.

Women in the villages surrounding the unit have inexplicably high incidence of menstrual disorders, like menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea. The TNPCB also very recently said for the past five years, the Sterlite plant has been disposing of thousands of tonnes of hazardous waste without authorisation. In a massive movement similar to the 'Jallikattu Protest', thousands of people in Tamil Nadu's Thoothukudi are unanimously protesting on the streets, demanding the closure of the Sterlite Plant since March, this year.

The major protests broke out after villagers petitioned the district collector several times seeking closure of the unit, but no action had been taken, reported PTI.

In February, after top district officials led by Sub-Collector MS Prasanth failed to reach an understanding, around people who went on an indefinite fast protesting against the Sterlite Copper plant and its proposed expansion, were arrested.

thoothukudi district villages

The Sterlite Protest, in fact, has reached as far as London, with a large number of British Tamils carrying traditional 'parai' drums holding a protest outside the home of Vedanta Group chief Anil Agarwal there on March Vedanta is embroiled in controversies overseas as well. Its subsidiary Konkola Copper mines has been sued in English courts by Zambian villagers for polluting their water and destroying their livelihood through their mining operations.

The company has always strongly denied the charges of pollution against it. A Vedanta group release says "Zero discharge systems, utilisation of waste for sustainable applications, energy efficient systems and stringent emission monitoring are the hallmark of Sterlite.

Sterlite has been in a constant tussle with the Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board over allegations of causing environmental damage. However, senior counsel PS Raman appearing for Sterlite alleged that the pollution board acted based on newspaper reports and public outcry, rather than relying upon scientific material available.

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